|Posted on August 1, 2016 at 4:40 PM|
Another interesting result has rolled in from our weanling study from the summer of 2014, when we were commissioned to observe young horses at the farm in a herd structure.
Our goal was to see what kind of traits we could identify at such an early age and try to pick out the future star athletes.
When we were watching one of the big herds out at Taylor Made Farm in Nicholasville, Kentucky, on July 26, 2014, the pedigree of the filly by Pioneerof the Nile out of Litteprincessemma, by Yankee Gentleman, meant nothing to us. Her full sibling – now known as 2015 U.S. Triple Crown winner American Pharoah -- had not yet made his racetrack debut (he would finish 5th in a maiden race at Del Mar on August 9, 2014).
But the filly stood out to us, and we gave her a ‘B’ grade – a good grade on our scale, especially for a weanling. We have only given one weanling an ‘A’, and he was the subject of a previous blog you can read here.
(Update: the Tapit colt has been named Tapit High. He was in training at GoldMark Farm in Ocala as of his last recorded workout and being aimed for a possible start at Saratoga. Though now, he shows a gap in his reported works. That could be a result of travel and settling in, or it could signal a physical setback.)
As a weanling, American Cleopatra already showed a defined tilt toward the Individual Herd Dynamic (IHD). That is a competitive mindset more common in male horses and a potentially good sign for a race filly when paired with the right behavioral traits and physical talent.
Moving around through the field she showed good forward extension of her sensory system. She was interpreting stimulus very accurately out in front of her body and had a generally forward mentality. She appeared to have the ingredients of an efficient, competitive-minded racehorse.
One thing that we have learned is that there is a connection between certain Herd Dynamic profiles and the horse’s preferred pattern of motion on the racetrack. IHD slanted fillies with forward sensory systems very often want to be frontrunners on the track. That is exactly the pattern of motion American Cleopatra used in her debut victory for owner Zayat Stables and trainer Bob Baffert at Del Mar on July 31.
Follow the link to view the replay, courtesy of Del Mar Racetrack. (She is #5 in the turquoise and yellow silks.) https://twitter.com/DelMarRacing/status/759878759596040192
|Posted on July 31, 2016 at 12:40 AM|
Sometimes sale toppers turn out to be worth the gaudy price tag. Sometimes they are never heard from again. Often times the result is somewhere in between. But it has been relatively rare that we at THT Bloodstock think the sale topper actually was the best horse in the sale.
This year’s September sale was the exception. We thought the gray Tapit colt that sold for $2.1-million to top the 2015 Keeneland September yearling sale quite possibly was the best horse on the grounds. We say that not only because he tested as a beautiful physical specimen with elite mental and behavioral traits. We had some history with this horse.
More than a year ago, in the summer of 2014, one of THT’s clients commissioned us to study weanlings in the herd setting, to try to pick out elite herd dynamic animals at a young age. We visited some of the top farms in the Bluegrass such as Airdrie Stud, Denali Stud, Taylormade Farm, and the farm that bred and raised this year’s sale topper – Gainesway.
We reported back to our client with a list of foals and weanlings that demonstrated above average sensory skills and signs of an elite herd dynamic. Out of the 200+ horses we saw, one stood far above the rest on our Herd Dynamic rating – the 2014 almost silver colored colt by Tapit, out of Silver Colors (a daughter of 1988 Kentucky Derby winner Winning Colors). He was by far the highest rated weanling we saw and the first and only weanling have ever given an ‘A’ grade to.
The Silver Colors colt had an amazing environmental awareness for a weanling. He showed leadership traits far beyond his age. The other weanlings would move at the flick of his ear or a subtle change in his posture. He showed an ability to survey far and near stimulus while absorbing the world around him. His sensory transitions were seamless and eloquent. He could read the intent of humans and horses at a high level. Watching him lead the herd around the giant paddock at Gainesway was a beautiful thing and a sight we will never forget.
So while we didn’t have a client with the resources to purchase the Tapit colt, we felt a sense of pride seeing how he had developed a year later and became one of the headline horses at the biggest yearling sale in the world.
|Posted on May 10, 2016 at 5:55 PM|
|Posted on May 6, 2016 at 7:10 PM|
Kerry poses with Gallant Stable's Majestic Harbor on May 4th, 2015. THT consulted for Gallant Stable when they were at a crossroads in 'Rocky's' career. He was a spry 7 year old when we profiled him, and he has since won two graded stakes at age 8. Congratulations on your Grade 2 win on the Kentucky Oaks card!
|Posted on August 11, 2015 at 12:05 AM|
Behavioral Economics in Investment Strategies
Position Paper By:
Kerry M Thomas
The economics of behavior is a reality in any business that involves anything more than an automated machine, and yet I have long been of the opinion that it is perhaps the least considered and at times underappreciated truth in business planning. The impact of neglecting behavior, both patterns and inclinations, can be very costly for your bank account as well as the program or business.
In any relationship, and business itself is often comprised of many relationships, there are two parts; the physical development and the emotional nurturing. Horses are not machines nor are they race cars, horses are emotional athletes, and just like us humans in any field or family, are very often reflections of their environment. When we are scouting for talent, or as I always say, ‘panning for gold’, we at THT Bloodstock seek to identify the psychology of success within the individual as a primary focus point.
Probability of success is based upon the individual’s likelihood to achieve to their physical ability; this likelihood is not housed purely in breeding, body and skill, but also in aptitude. No matter the business structure we are building, the team being assembled, or the relationships we are hoping to build in our lives in general, we must always be mindful that ultimately skill-sets are driven by personality, inclinations are governed by emotional caprice, and stress is filtered by the psycho-sensory system. The number one thing to consider in my opinion; what is the probability that the horse being scouted has the mental capacity to optimize its physical abilities and breeding. In human terms it could be compared to hiring someone based not just on “book” smarts, but “street” smarts, real life abilities; can your hire in effect, think on their feet?
The mental capacity of the equine controls the physical output of the athlete.
Any business model that does not incorporate the impact of behavioral economics is short sighted. How much time and money have been wasted away by only looking at half the picture, half the horse, and thus not completing the relationship. If the horses (or humans) we invest in for our programs were machines and their personality of zero impact, then any horse with the ‘right page’ and the ‘right body-type’ would certainly go on to find that expected success, just like every person in a room with the same degree would perform the exact same in their jobs. But this is most obviously not the case.
I feel that the very best investment strategy, the most effective use of dollars per probability, and the most responsible way to acquire, is to think of horse acquisitions as a job fair, or perhaps an NFL Combine for horse athletes. You narrow the field of applicants and hopefuls based upon physical requirements; skill and ability, and then you take this short-list of prospects and narrow this down by working to identify those with the psychologies most suited for their physical fulfillment as well as best suited for your long term goals.
I have long felt that many programs repeat their sufferings because they take the same approach each and every time, making investment choices based on only half the information that is attainable is to me a gross misappropriation of funds and irresponsible investing. Horse racing is a game inherently fraught with countless things that can go wrong even when you do everything ‘right’, and so if you can chip away the element of pure chance by adding both parts of the two part horse, mental and physical, to your scouting process, why wouldn’t you? In a world where not every investor can stock-pile in numbers to increase the chances of success, information, not numbers, is their key to success.
Another very important aspect is the fit; how will your prospective athlete or hire ‘fit’ in the environment that is your business. We must absolutely remember that environmental impacts along the way can shape-shift the emotions; how will the horse handle the unforeseen? Environment is far more than a location after all, it is an attitude. Whenever we are considering the horse, as much as possible, we also try very hard to consider what environment the horse is going to be in and how will this impact its likelihood of succeeding. No smart GM or Executive should hire any individual who they feel cannot emotionally handle the realities they will face, when you do this it is a liability. But I find in horses that quite often this very real emotional side is only slightly if at all, given the weight of consideration that it should be given.
It’s a bad investment strategy to put the wrong emotional components into the ‘right’ physical machine. A lack of flexibility in a business plan is also a bad investment strategy. Not every horse athlete should be coached the same; one must develop the athlete while nurturing the horse. It’s the ‘grooming’ of an employee to move up; this is not based purely on their physical skill but rather their personality. By the same token coaching the two part horse for physical ability without grooming their emotional strengths can lead the horse straight to a plateau of achievement that may well be below their actual level. Physical ability is achieving, mental fortitude is over-achieving. The same race car driven by two different people, one a NASCAR driver the other not, will be able to achieve for both but only over-achieve for one. To give yourself the best chance to compete, in other words, you want to consider who will be driving and how well they can optimize the ability within.
Applying behavioral economics properly also means following through once they are in the fold. When a horse is selected with the combined information of physical and mental, they should also be transitioned into a program that has the same vision. Just like it is important in any relationship emotional wellness plays a very big part in physical fulfillment and goal achievement; any owner who wants to increase their probability of success should pay close attention to the details of how the environment created translates to how the environment is interpreted. The reason that greatness can come from even the most obscure places is because it is not the actual place, but the attitudes in it. Simply because you take your child to a fancy high tech batting cage does not automatically mean that he or she will be a better hitter than the kid who had to take pitches from his mom or dad in the back yard with an old bat.
The application of behavioral economics looks beyond what is, and see’s what could be, without the prejudice of appearance based caprice.
Communication is the foundation of success, and emotional communication is the highest and purest form. In a world of emails, texting and emotionless dialogue we too often are removed from being responsible for the impact of our words. This is not a convenience with horses any more than is with any team members or in any family. Using behavioral economics in your investment strategy must come with the element of communication at its core because what is being communicated can be skewed by how it is being communicated. I am of the opinion that emotional communication is the primary form for horses just like it is with people (the proof is inherent in the human/horse relationships over all time) and body language is the by-product of “thought”, for lack of a better term. It’s about relationships every step of the way, and the strength of every relationship, and the fabric of every team, is based upon the ability to communicate. How many break-ups or disbanded programs, or unfulfilled ability, has its root and weaknesses traced to a lack of communication in some form or another.
From how you communicate your product to the market, to how a groom approaches a stall and every place in between, emotional communication is the choreographer of the “attitude of environment” regardless of the location or circumstances. You want a team around you assembled because they seek to better themselves, because it is not what someone does but how they do it, which defines them and this is a governing factor of team success.
From weanling to refined athlete there are two parts of the horse juxtaposed, one we see in action, and one we often only see in reaction. At THT Bloodstock we are motivated by a visionary framework, determined to challenge what is with what could be by focusing on the horse’s emotional strengths, sensory soundness and blending their ability to optimize their physical attributes. Making an investment with only half the information available being considered never made a lot of sense to me, especially in a business where so many things can go wrong.
Scouting talent, “panning for gold”, is more than seeking out ability, it is seeking out the emotional aspects that both sustain and fulfill that ability. Whether in a business of people or a business of horses, the economics of behavior, simply make sense.
"Innovation knows no boundaries, only vision..."
|Posted on June 30, 2015 at 4:55 PM|
Psycho-Sensory Overview: Direct Focus
The Dynamics of Comprehension & Reaction in the Equine Athlete
Kerry M Thomas
At THT we continue to work toward the advancement of our research in equine athletics and the roll the sensory system and psycho-sensory system plays on stress management and overall performance. This work has brought forth many what are for me revolutionary findings and to better describe them a new language of sorts has become the by-product, as it helps me explain the things I am finding.
Over the last year the focus, which has always been centered in the herd dynamics, has been drawn toward an effort to understand and embrace the functionality of the control center of the physical body; the psychological horse and the management of emotional stress. Born from this effort is the new term Direct Focus and it’s definition, the result of a long and ongoing sojourn into the equine psyche.
Direct Focus: The singular point of focus at any given moment upon one point of stimuli or perceived stimuli. *The equine sensory system is a complex super highway of identification, interpretation and surveillance. Focusing on singular points, everything else in the sensory field is experienced peripherally; making smooth sensory transitions important. This is vital for an animal designed to live in herds in open spaces and is a key component to becoming a herd leader and accomplished athlete. Mid level horses depend upon their peers in the herd to complete their sensory circle. One of the main reasons the herd environment offers a sense of security.
Any professional athlete and their peers know all too well the importance of and the difference between being physically prepared and mentally capable. This is an overlay that crosses boundaries between different sports and indeed, as it were, different species of athletes like the horse, at least in my opinion. Thus I sought to determine these differences; recognizing the athletes who have them is one thing, I wanted to know where they were rooted and how they translated.
Different disciplines require their own unique sensory strengths in collaboration with the specific and desired physical strengths. The benefits of sensory soundness and overall emotional wellness in the equine athlete is a thing that should never be overlooked; herd dynamics plays such an important role in the herd animals' normal life it is just as impacting when they're an athlete as not.
Whether it be Quarter Horse racing or Thoroughbred Racing, for example, one of the areas that can cause a great deal of stress for even the most talented, is in the gate; just like someone who feels anxiety right before going on stage. Understanding the stress management of the emotional horse and managing the physical development of the athlete, requires split-level thinking.
In order to understand the total horse I knew that I had to see the horse in two parts, the physical and the psychological. I have said it a thousand times and for me it is an essential reality; horses are emotional athletes and are often a reflection of their environment. When I study any individual equine psychology, I am seeking to peer deeply into that reflection. It is for me a form of reverse engineering, and I cannot peer very deeply without myself hopping on that sensory super-highway. I am a simple minded man inasmuch as when I study the horses’ reactions, whether they’re perceived to be positive or negative, I want to know the why behind the how.
Having focused what seems like endless hours of study on the equine sensory system and its cohesive manager, the psycho-sensory system (the psychological interpretation of delivered stimuli) in individual parts I began to realize I was only ‘seeing’ so much. There were still layers to the onion, and oddly enough, these only began to emerge in clarity for me when I took the individual senses and their abilities, and mixed these ingredients of the horse all together in collaborative experience.
What I found was a better understanding of those pieces when looking at their complete relationship with one another. The sensory system is an environmental intelligence gathering network; each sensory aspect working independently of but in conjunction with, their counterparts. What this does is allow the horse primary and secondary focus points. The primary focus can target specific stimuli to be identified and more intently studied, thus funneled in to the psycho-sensory for interpretation. The secondary focus defaults to the roll of periphery surveillance during the time of interpretation, and unlike the primary focus aspect which is singular in nature, hence the term Direct Focus, the surveillance team, in the high functioning horse psychology, can sift through multiple stimuli in the environment at the same time. This in affect is an alternating focus. If you are familiar with electricity, you will note the juxtaposed analogies of AC/DC, because from my point of view, the sensory system works in a similar fashion.
For a simple example of this, note the differences between an over reactive, easily startled horse and one that is not. The stress filtration system of one is far more efficient than the other.
The sensory system itself is the set of tools the horse has, but we all know that not every horse is the same, these are not race cars, they are as different as you and I more often than not. This is because in nature, the herd prey animal is a template with the same physical set of tools more or less, but unlike the individual predator with highly refined management of their tools, not all horses access their abilities in the same way.
The reason for this is based in the evolution of the species. Horses are herd animals and they have each other to depend upon, and in any efficiently functioning group there is a natural hierarchy of leadership, a system of communication, experience and ability that separates each as an individual. Not unlike the sensory system itself, where we have primary and secondary focus manifested in the whole of the environment, horses themselves have primary leaders and secondary herd horses from which to help in surveillance. This is indeed a powerful format for survival and is the reflection of the herd within the individual. When I began to embrace this, it was for me a revolutionary ‘aha’ moment.
In our work at THT Bloodstock, where our focus is first their mental aptitude, herd dynamics and sensory soundness, I had to disseminate this research into athletic applications in order to be able to identify what psycho-sensory system matched with a particular physical was going to make an effective athlete. Breaking apart the puzzle further and looking at my findings regarding herd makeup, that roughly 85% of horses are comprised of what I refer to as mid-level herd horses, I had to answer a few questions; what makes them different, what separates the hierarchy, and why aren’t siblings of same Sire and Dam, nearly exactly the same each and every time?
We look at thousands of horses a year and I myself have looked at and profiled and studied well over ten thousand individuals in places across the globe, and the one thing every horse had in common was, they looked like a horse with very few “species based” physical differences. The other thing they all have in common, each one was different in some way or other, in their unique personalities. For all intents and purposes, the same physical template housed uniquely different horses.
The differences are often esoterically hidden, housed within only one part of the two part horse; the emotional horse.
Mid Level horses’ sensory functionality has what I dub ‘potholes’ interrupting an otherwise smooth sequential transition of information across the sensory aspects before it’s funneled into the psychology for translation. Potholes become what I call sticking points and generate emotional stress in increasing amounts the longer the divide between identification and interpretation; disrupting learning, training, body control, stress management etc., and is often only filtered out by the horse with a rippling of the body, in other words loss of purposeful motion; body control, or rather, action versus reaction.
I often use when I’m afield the analogy of the rubber band to help create a visual of this happening. As a basic example, imagine rubber bands as sensory tentacles of sorts, spider webbed out in all directions surveying the environment, and as you’re moving past new stimuli you latch on to identify it. If you’re having issues interpreting what it is, you will default to another sense, especially since you’re moving, and when there are gaps in your sensory transitions, you cannot “hand-off” the stimuli fast enough to keep your mind ahead of your body, and all the while the rubber band stretches, creating emotional tension. As the stress increases, it ultimately begins to impact your efficiency of motion, your “pace”, even your direction, and certainly your speed, making you “hang” in mid-air as it were, until there is either at length a proper interpretation and you move on or, there is a violent release; the rubber band snapping back rippling the body, physically processing and relieving tension and stress.
This situation causes drag in the psycho-sensory processes, and this lag, for a horse moving through space, is like driving down the road at night and instead of the headlights pointing forward they’re inexplicably attached to an object that, through physical movement, is suddenly in a different position giving the impression of stationary objects to be in motion… attacking position perhaps… and leaving your senses behind the forward direction of your physical momentum. What would you do? You’d slow down too, and only after you satisfied yourself the object isn’t a problem, would you re-focus forward and pick up your speed again.
In the field I call this process “filtering” which I alluded to earlier; one of the most important clues I look for in any horse whether at a sale or on a race track is the speed at which the sensory system locates stimuli and subsequently how efficiently the psycho-sensory filters the information. This happens in a plethora of forms in a multiplicity of variations, and is the cornerstone of sensory soundness.
Gaps in the sensory sequence, while often paralyzing in fleeting moments and causing the horse to be “bumpy” does not automatically mean that said horse, though unlikely ever to see natural herd leadership in its future, cannot be a fine and accomplished athlete within their, what I call, performance box. Understanding your horse and how they are interpreting their world and their most likely responses to stimuli in their sensory aspects; singularly and together, will help you find achievable goals and coaching styles that fit them.
The more limited ability any horse has to mentally keep ahead of themselves physically, the more likely there is for a ceiling on their versatility and natural pattern of motion; which is inherently managed by the psycho-sensory system.
When you have horses with great physical ability but who hits bumps in the road, having sensory potholes in certain areas, you have horses that are naturally inclined to be mid level herd horses (not to be confused with middle of the road athletic abilities) and therefore they, in a natural herd dynamic, seek the assurance and leadership of their peers to fill in the gaps in the sequence. Like many parts of a machine, when all working together it is apparently seamless, but when taken in pieces quickly can be seen any limits of individuality.
This harkens back to the fact that we are dealing with two pieces of the same horse; physical and emotional. The physical horse is relative to the actual foot distance of a race, the emotional horse is relative to the Time In Motion (TIM) in seconds or minutes, required to complete a physical task. Ideally you want the emotional horse to be fresh enough to complete the physical distance with energy and grit to spare.
Some thoroughbreds, like many of the better Eventing and Dressage horses I have profiled over the years, didn’t make the races all that great because they lacked the physical speed and overall ability required for racing, yet their psychology always was ahead regardless, and thus Eventing, for example, became a perfectly natural psychological fit. I look for the same earmarks when I’m looking at or for, therapy horses.
In order to coach up an otherwise fine athlete, I personally never desire to go directly to the use of any sensory impediments like blinkers or shadow rolls etc., I’m always fearful of protracted applied “tunnel vision” being a cause of undue stress and worry and of exacerbating uncertainty in the horse, causing bad habits or sensory dependencies long term. That is not to say that under no circumstances should they be used. I have personally experienced cases where sensory impediments assist, like blinkers say, in actually removing stress. However I personally advocate a great deal of thought be put into why they are used and to what purposes, and for what result. I always have the concern, are we only putting a Band-Aid on and not addressing the real issues: Like placing a board across a stream to get across once or twice as opposed to trying to build a bridge with mental coaching and nurturing. I rather seek to build a positive psychological bridge when practicable.
If you think of these situations from a herd dynamic point of view, as care-giver and coach, it is your job to know that you’re the buffer; you’re the herd peer leading through trepidation when needed, sharing the leadership when that is best. If you work as a unit with the horse, armed with a true understanding of their psychology, you can become the trusted default leader with subtle cues any time the horse shows a little hesitation or an issue in sensory interpretation. Horses collaborate with one another, most especially those in the middle 85%, so it is best that you adopt your part of this collaborative.
The elite, high functioning psycho-sensory system is far less common and quite often is so smooth in its ability to identify, interpret, filter and respond, all while maintaining a nearly 360 degree sensory field of surveillance, that these horses are nearly invisible to the naked eye. This is not by mistake, but rather by natural design.
In working to study and dissect the intricate working nature of the herd, and get a real understanding of the functionality of the hierarchy in place, I had to also answer the question of how do these groups maintain sustainability over time when they are at least in large part, codependent on the leaders, of which there are few. How does nature offset and minimize the otherwise randomness of say a Mountain Lion stalking the herd from taking out the leader and affectively cutting off the head of the snake? The answer is simplistic in form and profound in function; Mother Nature conceals her leadership.
Elite herd dynamics, high functioning sensory systems, hi-speed filters and accurate surveyors make for a horse that very rarely over reacts and when startled recovers and filters swiftly, and learns from it. Affective emotional filtering limits the physical filtering process, which limits unnecessary or superfluous body language, which in turn helps absorb chaos in the herd and bring order, as well as re-directs any potential predatory focus from them to the less capable members, members who prolong their reactions and draw the attention and target of the Mountain Lion on the Butte eying up dinner.
Put into motion, high herd dynamic horses are almost always entirely sensory and psychologically well ahead of their bodies in all directions at the same time and seem to move through chaos and react to things even before they happen. This ability to stay on task, to interpret and delegate alternating focus on multiple stimuli under surveillance while maintaining a singular focus on a point of inquiry, juxtaposed with and allowing for physical efficiency, is the unshakable ease inherent in Direct Focus ability. It is the capacity to “slow things down” under stress, all great athletes appear to have this unique ability; they maintain and adjust with ease of body control and “re-kick” with the best while deflecting stresses in the chaos of motion.
It is important when considering a horse at sale, private purchase or breeding, that the two parts of the horse are studied individually and then together. Mid level horses can achieve to their physical abilities, elite horses can quite often achieve beyond them. The horse with psychological versatility should never be underappreciated.
|Posted on May 6, 2015 at 8:35 AM|
2015 Kentucky Derby
(The following is the introduction piece written for the KY Derby 141 Analysis)
Learning is a constant evolution by its very nature, and it is not only the cornerstone of our work and vision at THT Bloodstock but also for me as a person. Growth can only be measured by the transformation of itself from one thing to another based upon experience even if at the time those experiences are a mystery and you know not what might emerge from them. It is the mystery of the horse that drives my passion; not what has been discovered, but what is yet to be.
As we now have moved into year five of our Kentucky Derby Analysis I want to once again thank you, both the new and the returning buyer of this product, for doing so. On behalf of both Pete Denk and I, the appreciation we have for your support and interest in the efforts we make cannot be overstated. The development of these profiles for the Derby is a monumental task, but a labor of love to be sure and also a chance for us to apply more of the things we continue to learn in our endless journey studying equine psychology and the Herd Dynamics.
Kentucky Derby 141 is flush with upper level herd dynamics and anything but easy to differentiate. Our view into this inner world of the individual horse has been greatly enhanced over the last year as we collect and track our data from thousands of horses both evaluated at auction and in our work profiling performances. We continue to build this bank of knowledge and have expanded to include a growing list of Stallion Profiles we make available for breeding purposes and progeny/weanling research.
This year’s study afforded us a unique opportunity to include where possible our auction evaluation notes. There were several athletes that we evaluated in the sales environment and made our herd dynamic short list who distinguished themselves on the Derby Trail. Having had the opportunity to study these horses in depth as they mentally grow has taken our work to a new level. After several years of hard work and study we have built a growing database of ingredients to monitor how these translate to athletic ability. We continue to chisel down the primary focus points in our unique evaluation system with practical applications found both in the profiles we produce and the services we offer.
I have long held fast to the belief that patterns of behavior translate to patterns of motion, that sensory soundness and the efficiency of the psycho-sensory system, mentality, is the key to both adaptability and stress management. As emotional athletes, horses are often a reflection of their environment, and like any athlete in any sport, the ingredients of greatness lay just as much in the psychological as they do in the physical. And, just like in other professional sports, the closer the athletes become in their physical abilities, the dividing factor begins to shift to their psychological strengths; things we call, grit, will-power, class, heart.
The mental capacity of the equine controls the physical output of the athlete.
In order for a horse to move freely and efficiently into space their sensory system must first clear the path as it leads the body; the sensory super highway is the pilot steering the vessel if you will. The horse’s capacity to optimize physical ability, or even rise above it, lay within the efficiency of their psycho-sensory system. A natural pattern of motion is a physical reflection of naturally occurring psychological rhythms, this emotional energy distribution is innately even allowing for the optimization of physical ability. The sensory system must identify stimuli and then funnel the information into the psyche where that stimulus is then interpreted. Proper interpretation allows for a smooth and sequential purposeful motion. At a high rate of physical speed in the midst of herd chaos and stress, the efficiency of this rapid-fire sequence is tested and thus begins to separate the horses over a period of time-in-motion within their natural leadership roles, their herd dynamics. There’s a big difference between horses whose psycho-sensory system leads their body and of those that do not.
If the sensory system, the ‘radar-egg’ around the horse did not have influence over the physical horse, the horse then would simply be a machine of no reaction. Blinkers, shadow rolls, screens… would be sensory modifiers never developed because they would have no effect. The horse walking in a sale environment being asked to walk faster by the use of a broom would not react to it, nor would the horse respond to your intentions, your emotions, your body language, they wouldn’t show signs of stress or fear or look playful in the pasture. These are real things, they really happen, they impact the horses daily life, they impact the horses ability to perform.
I personally feel that every horse should have the opportunity to excel and grow with the full use of their natural sensory systems without inhibitors. I think once you gain a full understanding of the psychology of your athlete a coaching-up program that fits them individually offers a healthier longevity. I feel too, that because the sensory system (identifying) and psycho-sensory system (interpretational) leads the physical horse through space, mental coaching and sensory enrichment should supersede that of the physical. Let the body catch-up to the mind, not the other way around. This is the basis for the old adage, “be patient”. Like ourselves, individual horses learn, grow, and season, to the beat of their own unique drum. Nurture the horse, develop the athlete.
I adhere to a common mantra in my work, for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction, so if the sensory system can optimize the physical, it can also pinion it. The inability to translate information and adapt quickly to changing environments ultimately begins to chip away at any physical advantage the horse has; especially in elevated competition, most especially in classic distance races. Of course, in a horse race comprised of elite athletes anything can happen, so we must look at the body of work and at consistency of performance. Our job at THT Bloodstock is not to determine what the horse is, but to do the detective work necessary to identify who the horse is; scouting potential is about projecting the future, and because the psyche manages the growth patterns, gaining an in-depth understanding of that psyche is essential to that projection. Our work is not that of saying who will and who will not, but rather in evaluating probability by focusing on sensory soundness and mental aptitude, the command center of the athlete.
When it comes to applying the herd dynamics to handicapping, psychological versatility should not be underappreciated. As you go through the following profiles of the Derby Contenders, and as you put together the pieces of your own puzzle and plays, we work to offer you another window from which to see the race, not as a whole group, but as individuals who thus make up the whole.
When studying a horse I care less about where the horse finishes physically in a given race than I do about where they’re finishing psychologically against their peers. When you look for things that key you in on psychological growth patterns you begin to unveil the emerging character of the equine athlete’s one to the other. These growth patterns are in my opinion useful to note when handicapping a field such as the Kentucky Derby as it’s like putting together a puzzle of both athleticism and psychological versatility in varying environments. I always lean toward the horse whose psychological ‘speed’ and rhythms are the same regardless of the speed of the physical body.
Another essential ingredient lay in the area of influence. High level horses have the ability to influence other horses without themselves being influenced. The difference between elite herd dynamic athletes and their subaltern counterparts lies in the area of their ability to impress their will upon the world around them. Horses with elite minds can supersede physical expectations; mid-level horses can achieve to them.
It is vitally important to keep in mind when looking at individual profiles that a snap-shot of the physical placement of a group of horses at the end of a race does not always indicate the natural herd dynamic hierarchy of them individually. I never get too excited by ‘a’ performance, but by the aforementioned growth patterns in juxtaposed performances. Circumstances can dictate physical location; herd dynamics allows them to manage that.
This year’s Derby has in my opinion a deep collection of highly capable herd dynamics and mental profiles, leaving us much to consider in the smallest of ingredients. Separating the top tier horses in herd dynamic order is not unlike splitting hairs. For me the challenge is very exciting and as I always say, on any given day…; it is our goal with this report to offer a deeper window into the psychological and sensory aspects of the individual athletes. I look for patterns in their psychological rhythms and patterns of motion and think of these in terms of probability; how many times out of ten say, does one particular herd dynamic trump another at a mile and a quarter of time-in-motion. I have always felt that psychological versatility is made possible by sensory soundness and the lynchpin that makes a horse tactical; the ability to change gears, adapt and react to sudden changes and stresses mentally paves the way for the body to follow, taking full advantage of talent and speed.
On a personal note I have to say, looking ahead from where I now sit, I am excited and thankful, energized and tirelessly seeking to peer deeper into the window of the invisible. The growth we are experiencing and the awesome amount of detailed data we have been able to collect and track allowing us priceless research to learn from, both where we were right and where we were wrong, has us zeroing in on what I call the ingredients of greatness. This is due in large part to the tireless and dedicated efforts of Pete Denk, for whom I’m most grateful.
As a team we continue to take this work to new places and we look forward to those advancements we’ve yet to discover. Whether at a sale where the scouting process for us is not unlike an NFL Combine, or evaluating a herd of contenders seeking those who show the mental fortitude to fully optimize their athleticism, my thinking is always forward. I never look at what is, without then considering what could be, something imparted to me from my heroes, my parents, who taught their children to have fearless imaginations and to live in a forward direction.
Visit our new website THT Bloodtsock and enjoy a dig around and most certainly get in touch with us if there is anything we can do for you. In a financial game of emotionally charged athletes, the economics of behavior simply makes sense.
Thanks Pete, thanks Brisnet, and most importantly, thank you.
“Never underestimate the value of Emotional Intelligence in High Herd Dynamic athletes.”
|Posted on January 30, 2015 at 7:35 AM|
Panning For Gold
Kerry M Thomas
The thoroughbred sale is a very specific and controlled environment, for the most part, where human will creates a show of horse flesh. The business aspect of the industry is in full bloom at the auctions, and it is easy to get caught up in “the way things are done”.
Among the early challenges for me personally when I first started to get my feet wet at these sales was staying removed from the typical to best apply the natural. The auctions are filled with combustible emotions, both horse and human. Sifting through the fog to get back to the basics is for me the key to recognizing what is seen and comprehending what is felt.
Out of all the tools I draw upon when inspecting horses, instinct is the most important. For tucked away behind the dust clouds of the hustle and bustle, there is nature, represented in perhaps the most beautiful form I personally know, the horse.
This is not a car lot auction; horses are emotional athletes, if you take away ‘feel’ from your inspection process, you are in danger of inhibiting your vision of what could be. So I buckle up my tool belt of the natural herd dynamics as I have learned them, separate myself as much as possible from the human elements, and embark on the journey of discovery; the goal, to develop a new approach in finding the world’s most capable equine athletes.
It has always seemed there had to be an accessory to the primary tools used to evaluate young horses at auction – physical conformation and pedigree. For if not, the prototypes that are bred would fulfill their planned destiny each and every time as superior individuals.
Of all the unique and savvy tools Mother Nature uses to aid and ensure the propagation of a herding species, like the horse, perhaps none is more interesting to me than that of concealed leadership. One of the early questions I needed to answer during my research afield was; what is the key to survival for a group of prey animals living in plain sight; the answer to that question, ’invisible leadership.’
We use the study of herd dynamics and social structures, communication and inspection of the psycho-sensory system to determine sensory soundness at every step. And in no arena are these tools of our trade more important than at auction. An understanding of herd dynamics is at the core of the work we do at sales, and here is why.
We at THT Bloodstock are given the task for our clients of scouting the elite minded, very high herd dynamic athletes. This panning for gold oft times means after we zero in on a short list of prospects, we drill continually deeper to, in essence, see how high on the herd dynamic scale a particular horse is likely to climb once placed in a racing program. Because horses are herd animals instinctive to living in groups, the number of elite herd leaders compared to the overall number of horses in the herd, is very small. It is in nature, thus so it is, at auction.
I look at an auction much the same way I look at a basic herd afield; with the understanding that the vast majority of horses, roughly 85% in my opinion, are naturally designated as mid-level herd animals. This does not mean they can’t be athletic, but it does mean they will not be both athletic and elite minded.
Unlike loner predatory animals blessed with a full and high functioning set of skills to survive alone for most of their lives, the horse survives best when living in a group. Herd animals are generally made up of a group of average individuals, albeit each one unique and housing their own strengths and weaknesses. Alone they are vulnerable; together they are formidable. This is no accident, Mother Nature provides for the predator and prey. It is a balance in nature that prey outnumber predator. In order for this balance to exist affectively there is necessary natural culling.
In every herd there is a hierarchy, in every hierarchy there is a struggle in the ranks, within this struggle there is structure. If you are a mountain lion positioned on a butte, overlooking a herd of horses, you are drawn to what catches your attention, and what catches your attention most are infirm stragglers and those with overly expressive body language. This too, is by design.
The infirm or injured are obvious targets and moving up from that bottom are the lowest ranked in the herd hierarchy. These include the young and the “loudest talkers”, those horses struggling to move up. These insecure animals are easy to spot because they make themselves a spectacle, especially during times of stress and panic. When a pride of lions spills into herd animals, they are seeking to separate the weak links that they have spent hours zeroing in on. The lowest animals are targeted, while the higher-level animals survive to lead the masses. The higher you climb the herd hierarchy the less obvious expression you see in the individual.
Looking out into a field, just because a horse stands out or physically pushes other horses around does not automatically make them leaders.
It is with all this in mind, that we enter the thoroughbred sale environment and begin our scouting. Like the lion on the butte, we are seeking… but we are seeking that which is not so easily noted; concealed leadership.
As has been mentioned, the number of elite herd dynamic horses at any auction is naturally low, comparable in percentage to the number found in natural wild herd environments -- the same template, different environment. If say 5% of the horses inspected make the herd dynamic grade, this number shrinks even more when all of the physical requirements for racing prospects are applied.
This should not be confused with the number of actual “athletes” there are housed within any herd; be it a herd of 10 wild horses or 1,000 sale horses. By their very nature, horses are athletic, and the thoroughbred in my opinion is the most elite of all horse breeds when it comes to natural athleticism. The one thing about herd dynamics and the different individuals that make up the body of the herd itself, as heretofore mentioned, each ‘average’ horse will have their own strengths and weaknesses, housed within the study of their herd dynamic and psycho-sensory system are clues to those athletic strengths and weaknesses.
The horses that meet all the requirements and jump through all the hoops are exciting and special animals, natural leaders carrying all the hope they will be equally elite in athleticism. A horse with elite psycho-sensory and herd dynamics without accompanying physical ability is not going to be a star on the race track. But, especially for mares, these horses are not devoid of merit and can be useful in helping stamp their progeny. Behavioral genetics are just as important a part of the breeding puzzle as are physical genetics.
An efficient psycho-sensory system and corresponding high herd dynamic plays an important role in the horse athlete’s ability to adapt to new environments (ship, surface changes, rigors of training etc.,). The ability to properly manage stress without loss of physical efficiency is an essential element to longevity, versatility, and trainability.
We have to keep in mind how herd dynamics work, and how they translate to our world of racing. Animals that have certain elite characteristics but are weak in other areas may not be as versatile as some other athletes, but this does not mean they cannot be very talented athletes within the box of their skill set.
Another highly important factor of what separates the horses in herd dynamics is influence. Influence plays a major role in everything the horses do, and we measure and evaluate influence as a key ingredient to our profiling process.
High level horses have the ability to influence other horses without themselves being influenced. The difference between elite herd dynamic athletes and their subaltern counterparts lies in the area of their ability to impress their will upon the world around them. You see the effect of the mid-level mind all the time in racing -- horses hang off the hip of another, run up but fail to penetrate the space of another horse, failing to pass. Some otherwise speedy horses can seem to get lost in the crowd… they are often lost in the crowd of herd dynamics and influence.
Studying the various forms of influence one horse has over another, or many others, is an essential aspect of and clue to the competitive nature of any horse. This is not to be confused with purely physical influence; ‘loudly’ seeking to run a horse from his or her space. It has to do with the quiet and very subtle acquiescence of other horses. Reading the sensory responses of other horses offers incredible insight to the quiet but powerful influence inherently displayed. This is also very much an indicator of the tactical ability the horse has which directly relates their ability to manage and assimilate to the herd chaos of a race.
High level herd dynamic horses do not always have to be the fastest, especially when we’re looking at the classic distances. These horses have other assets that allows them to take advantage of any weaknesses their peers may have, it allows them to conserve their emotional energy and hit the gas pedal at the right times, and it allows them to influence horses around them, impacting the final outcome. The horse with this high level intent is a powerful tool in the hands of a skilled jockey.
Horses that rely more on their physical speed over herd dynamic tact can certainly be very athletic, but I call these horses “athletes in a box” because their sensory system and inability to truly influence other horses pinions their overall versatility. There is indeed a wide ranging array of athletic psychologies, many of them useful if placed in their proper boxes.
One of the more exciting things for us at THT Bloodstock is that after thousands of horses inspected and added to the data base for research, these athletic psychologies are beginning to make themselves clear. We’re beginning to zero in on key corresponding psychological/sensory strengths and their physical counterpart. In other words, we’re blending both the physical considerations with the psychological considerations to ascertain if the horse in question has enough sensory soundness to get the most from their physical abilities.
The key difference in my opinion between highly elite psycho-sensory, herd dynamic horses and their subalterns is in both stress management/assimilation ability and in that their elite psychologies allows them the opportunity to get more from their physical abilities than they could otherwise while impressing themselves upon others. You can call it class, grit, drive, pain threshold, or heart, but these concealed leaders have a unique presence about them.
Horses with elite minds can supersede physical expectations; mid-level minded horses can achieve to them.
I have long felt that the most underappreciated aspect of thoroughbred racehorses lies within their psycho-sensory system, their essential behavioral genetic sequencing. Much emphasis, for good reason, is placed on their page and their physicality, but if these were the only determining factors, then the buyers with the deepest pockets would simply get all the good horses, and the action at the track would be very much like a NASCAR race. But horses are not racecars; and as emotional athletes are often reflections of their environment.
One of the great advancements we have made at THT Bloodstock is that we have begun to zero in on the psychologies and herd dynamics that are anything but random. Just like every individual in the herd plays an important role, so does every individual have specific traits. When these match up correspondingly to physical ability, even the mid-level herd athletes can be very good race horses; ‘in their performance box’. (Knowing what these strengths and weakness are must also be applied to the development of the horse. A mental nutrition program specific to their needs is every bit as important to the outcome as is a physical and nutritional program. Feed the horse’s mind and body.)
Ability – mental & physical -- supersedes pedigree & auction price in times of stress and chaos. If a buyer is not mindful of or misunderstands the importance of the horse’s mental and behavioral traits, he or she may walk right by what could be the greatest find of his or her life. Greatness can emerge from obscurity.
|Posted on January 24, 2015 at 4:45 PM|
Psychology of Motion
Psycho-Sensory System Relative To Injury
(Part Two of the Previous Post)
Kerry M Thomas
There are always collateral pieces of information we gather along the way during our work at sales panning for gold. Something that has emerged for me personally is the reciprocity between physical stress and emotional stress. We’re always seeking to understand how well the psycho-sensory system manages the body, which is very important when coupled with the physical inspections because we’re asking the additional question; how hard will this horse be on themselves?
It is a truth at every sale, there are horses that a lot of folks will pass over because of some physical issue or another, be those major or minor issues or issues that because of individual caprice turns a buyer away. Yet down the road that very horse pops up on the radar and in spite of the physical “issues”, is racing very well.
I have come to the conclusion that when you have a horse with some minor physical flaws that has you on the fence, the consideration of the herd dynamic and psycho-sensory system plays a huge part.
Because the sensory system has direct influence over physical action/reaction and overall body control, it plays a key role in how hard a horse will be on their body; emotional stress expresses itself physically in knee jerk reactions and loss of purposeful motion, which then opens that door to injuries wider. I also feel then, the opposite is true as well; more sensory soundness, better the self preservation.
An inefficient sensory system that has trouble spots, “sticky” spots when stimulus is being transitioned through the aforementioned sequence of; identification, interpretation, physical response, is like a car hitting a pothole. The rippling and shimmy after you hit the pothole is the physical reaction coming out in not so purposeful motion, and this is the moment when you can get a flat.
When you’re considering a horse that has some minor issues physically it becomes important to investigate the sensory system for any correlating sensory potholes that might exacerbate the issue. I have come to believe, and I am determined to dig into this much deeper in the coming year, that certain sensory potholes have reciprocal physical concerns.
I also believe that even with minor physical concerns, the horse that uses themselves well is less likely to over-stress the areas of concern. Just like we always want the horse to “walk through themselves” physically, I want the horse whose sensory system allows them to “move through themselves freely.”
For example, I believe that it makes total sense that the horse with a sticking spot forward, where the body is moving faster than the psycho-sensory system is interpreting; there will be correlating stress on the body front to back physically because of the way they will react. I also feel the same correlation is true for sensory potholes on the obliques of the horse and in the rear feel of the horse. Anything that creates uncontrolled or non-purposeful physical motion lends itself to physical stress, and thus injury. These are things that I feel are true, and areas of research I intend to continue to investigate.
Going back to the concept that the sensory system leads the way for the body to move into space freely, it also tells the horse where not to go, and what to avoid. When we see horses at the sales that get chased a bit to walk better, most often I see the exact opposite happening. The sensory system, aware of the water bottle or broom in their flank or rear, creates stress in the body and the ears go back, the horse can become skittish, or want to turn or become nearly stuck to the ground… just a small example of the sensory system leading the way or moving them away from, or stopping them dead in their tracks to avoid “attack”.
I personally always ask that the handlers do not apply this sensory pressure, I want to see the natural horse without over-loaded sensory stimuli; I need to get a feel for ‘who’ the horse is to better ascertain what the athlete in them can become.
We must be mindful that unlike race cars, race horses are emotional athletes, and very often are a reflection of their environment. The tools they have to interpret that environment are essential for your chances to succeed. This makes an evaluation of them of great importance, and that is exactly the focus of our work at THT Bloodstock.
There’s always more to come, more work to do, far more research ahead than behind; for the one thing I’ve learned about horses, is that I can always learn more.
|Posted on January 19, 2015 at 11:45 AM|
Psychology of Motion
Psycho-Sensory System Relative To Speed
Kerry M Thomas
Having just returned from the 2015 Keeneland’s January Sale, we at THT Bloodstock had the enjoyable opportunity to take a couple days and visit the now two-year-olds we helped select in the fall of 2014 and observe their training as well as spend a great deal of time speaking with the trainer and team working with the horses.
Our goal is to supply any stable with high herd dynamic, competitive-minded, intelligent athletes by sifting through horses at the sales much like panning for gold. Thus, it is gratifying to see and hear just how “easy, willing, and advanced” the horses in the program are. Everyone likes coming to work, everyone likes riding them, and the team, to a person, takes an emotional interest and personal investment in the part they’re playing in the program because they have horses they love to be around. This kind of nurturing goes a long way.
Seeing the horses click through the coaching steps as if they’ve done it since birth, advancements in training and creative coaching for the individuals has more flavor and can be more easily explored. When the trainer is asked by other trainers how the new horses are doing, does he think he has any good ones who are training well early, he smiles and replies, “all of them”.
This is great news early-on for sure, but the next obvious question of importance I get is, “do high herd dynamic horses, horses with superior psycho-sensory systems, then have the ability to run faster because of it?” I answer this by saying; a sound sensory system alone will not make the horse run ‘faster’ but it will allow the horse to run more efficiently.
Among the more important questions we answer during the inspection process is, does a particular horse have the psycho-sensory system that will optimize his/her physical abilities?
There is a simple but profound three step equation to remember in the process of physical action; first there is the identification of stimulus, then there is the interpretation of those stimuli which is the one-two punch of psycho-sensory, and following that is physical action (or non-action). This process passes the outside world to the inside world of the horse on the sensory super highway in a sequence of transitions. Smooth transitions allow for smooth physical responses in chaos and times of stress. This alone cannot make your horse run faster, but it sure won’t be the reason your horse is not running as fast as its physical body is able. Many strong physical horses under-achieve because of mental issues.
Something else I consider when inspecting horses is how will the horse fit into the herd, in to the team already there, and how coachable is the horse? How will the folks who will have to work with the horse each day like them and get along with them? These may seem like small things, but just like we like to work with people we get along with, we also like to work with horses we get along with. A racing program is one big jig-saw puzzle with multiple ingredients, how those pieces fit has a profound impact on the end-picture we hope to see in the winners’ circle.
A high functioning sensory system allows for a high level of adaptability, translating to coachable athletes.
Here are, in my opinion, a few additional key areas of how sensory soundness and high herd dynamics lend themselves to the overall speed of the horse.
*The aforementioned efficient transitions allow the horse to manage stimuli in motion.
*High functioning psycho-sensory systems allow the mind of the horse to always be ahead of the body; we must keep in mind that it is the sensory system that paves the way for the body to follow. Mother Nature knew what she was doing when she put the sensory system control center in the head and not the tail!!
*High functioning psycho-sensory systems allow for proper psychological growth patterns which control the anticipatory response (see THT Glossary of Terms on website) abilities and environmental assimilation of the horse.
*High functioning psycho-sensory systems allow for controlled physical motion, this purposeful motion in turn allows the horse to fully optimize all of their versatility as well as their tactical ability.
If you consider all of the above working in synchronicity, it is clear that although none of these things will be the elixir that makes any horse physically faster, they absolutely make them more efficient, adaptable, tactical, versatile, and coachable. Like in any sport it comes down to the basics, if your horse can do the fundamentals better; they may just find themselves a few steps ahead.